Eye Exams

Eye Exams by Dr. Mark Hornfeld

Eye exams, like most other medical exams, are a necessary component to preventative health practices. These important examinations help to detect eye problems at their earliest stages (when they're most treatable). Receiving annual eye exams ensures the health of your eyes and the clarity of your vision, which works to safeguard you from more severe eye conditions and illnesses down the road. If you're an NYC or Brooklyn, NY resident and looking for comprehensive eye exams in your area, look no further. Our team is here to offer complete and thorough eye examinations to cater to all of your ophthalmological needs


How to Prepare for Your Eye Exam  

An eye exam should be treated like a regular doctor’s appointment. When you call to schedule an eye exam with our office, mention any issues you're having with your eyes and explain why you've reached out to get your eyes checked. This will give us a general idea of what to prepare for so we can provide you with the best solutions possible. Additionally, make a list of any questions you have, and be prepared to talk about your eye history or any updates on medications you're currently taking. It also is a good idea to bring your glasses or contact lenses so we can check your prescription and see if it's still the right one for you.


What to Expect

During your eye exam, Dr. Hornfeld and our team will go over your medical and vision history and answer any questions you may have. After evaluating your information, you will undergo a series of eye tests to determine where your vision health lies. These tests are minimally invasive, and include:

  • Eye muscle movement test – This test works to test your eyes’ alignment. Your eyes will be prompted to move in 6 different directions to follow a moving target. This eye exam will evaluate any weaknesses or other defects in the extraocular muscle.
  • Cover test – Cover tests tell us how well your eyes work in coordination with one another. You will be asked to stare at a small target from a distance. We will then cover and uncover each of your eyes to observe their movement and will take note of either eye turning away from the target.
  • External exam and pupil reactions – During this test, the whites of your eyes and the position of your eyelids will be examined. We will then perform a short analysis to check how your pupils react to close up objects or light. 
  • Visual acuity test – You will be sat a little way away from an eye chart that has letters that decrease in size as you read down each line. You will be asked to cover one eye at a time with your hand and begin reading the letters down the chart. This eye exam is put in place to check how well you can see the details of letters or symbols from a specific distance away.
  • Refraction testing – Refraction testing is used to determine the exact prescription needed in your glasses or contact lenses. This test will determine if you have optimal, 20/20 vision, or anything below that optimum. Patients who don't have 20/20 vision have what is called a "refractive error." A refractive error indicates that light is not bending correctly when passing through the lens of your eye. In seeing this, we will be able to determine what prescription is needed to get you to that 20/20 mark.
  • Slit-lamp exam (biomicroscopy) – This test will allow us to microscopically examine your eyes for any abnormalities. A specialized type of microscope will be used to light up and magnify the front of the eye to check your cornea, iris, lens, and back of your eye.
  • Retinal examination (ophthalmoscopy) – This test will allow our team to examine the inside of the back of your eye. This is done by using a light and magnifying tool called an ophthalmoscope that will dilate your pupils. This eye exam is essential because it looks for any eye problems or diseases and can even detect issues like head injuries or brain tumors. 


The Takeaway

All of these eye exams are carried out by our team will give us a good idea of where your eye health stands. Catching any eye issues as soon as possible is the best chance we have at correcting any further damages done to your vision. It also allows us to help you adapt to any vision changes you may be facing and provide you with tips on how to properly care for your eyes. We will discuss the results of your tests and give you a comprehensive assessment of your vision. Our team will also inform you of any signs we have found that put you at risk for eye disease, educating you on the many preventative measures that can be taken to protect your eyesight. 


Your Trusted New York Ophthalmologist

Dr. Mark Hornfeld brings over 20 years of board-certified, private-practice medical experience to our NYC and Brooklyn, NY, locations. Our office offers free consultations and comprehensive eye exams that work to prevent, diagnose, and treat the most complex vision issues and eye diseases. If you’re ready to receive the optimal eye care you need and deserve, give us a call today at (347)650-4516.